The Educational Theory of Plato
Analyst: M. F. de Tal
See Related article:
Is Cognition Recognition? (Was Plato right?)
1. Theory of Value What knowledge and skills are worthwhile learning? What are the goals of education?
A172 Basic reading, writing, math computation, music, gymnastics A173 Math, Logic, physical training A173 vocational A173 common sense A173-74 ethics, politics, economics A172 aesthetic appreciation B72 knowledge of the good B88 harmonious order of the world B69 Virtues: temperance, courage, wisdom and justice
2. Theory of Knowledge: What is knowledge? How is it different from belief? What is a mistake? A lie?
B53 most real B55 "The Cavell B54 "Divided Line" B60 what really is B56 degree of certainty but not absolute B55 ways of looking at the same thing.
3. Theory of Human Nature: What is a human being? How does it differ from other species? What are the limits of human potential?
B63 soul, 3 parts: goal value, towards action, desire for things B69 Virtues: temperance, courage, wisdom and justice A174 speculative, inquisitive, and aggressive B64 man's inability to reach potential
4. Theory of Learning: What is learning? How are skills and knowledge acquired?
A174 sequence of learning C258 do not force C258 lessons in form of play
5. Theory of Transmission: Who is to teach? By what methods? What will the curriculum be?
B53 Those that have been educated "return to cave"
A172-73 Levels l .primary - basic reading, writing, math computation, music, gymnastics 2. Secondary-Physical training 3. Higher-values, ethics, commonalities C243-250 Geometry, solid geometry, harmonics, Dialectic C250 7-17 or 18 Primary, 17 or 18 to 20 Secondary, After 2-3 years
Higher, over 50 Dialectic B67 censorship of literature
6. Theory of Society: What is society? What institutions are involved in the educational process?
B70 satisfy men's needs B69 justice characterizes good society
7. Theory of Opportunity: Who is to be educated? Who is to be schooled?
A172 Primary- all citizens C144 includes women A173 Secondary- civil servants, future soldiers A174 Higher-rulers A174 Dialectic. philosophers
8. Theory of Consensus: Why do people disagree? How is consensus achieved? Whose opinion takes precedence?
B53 different view of reality B71-72 lower elements usurp role of higher
A Robert S. Brumbaugh, "Plato's ldeal Cuirriculum and Contemporary Philosophy of Education" Educational Theory Spring 1987, vol 37, no 2.
B Samuel Enoch Stumpf, Socrates to Sartre: A History of Philosophy, New York,1988.
C Plato, Republic-,- London,1972.