Comparing Teaching to Other Occupations Three Evaluation Approaches (Adapted From Gigerenzer, 1999.*) © 2008 Edward G. Rozycki
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edited 4/15/14
This instrument helps to systematically review the factors affecting a change of occupation. See directions below.

 Indicate Job Transition (Cross out to or  from) to from (Other Occupation) to from TEACHING FACTORS For Method One: (Indicate pos/neg, IMP, importance and PRE, prevalence or probability). +/- IMP 0 to 3 PRE 0 to 3 +/- IxP +/- IMP 0 to 3 PRE 0 to 3 +/- IxP For Method Two: Weighting is 1 or O, for all factors. Ignore Probabilities. Just Add and choose highest sum. ignore 0 or 1 ignore ignore ignore 0 or 1 ignore ignore For Method Three: Pick a Few of the Factors Most Important to You. For each factor, compare the Other Occupation with Teaching for that Factor. Give 1 to that Occupation which best satisfies that factor. Pick highest sum. ignore 0 or 1 ignore ignore ignore 0 or 1 ignore ignore 1. Potential earnings 2. Stress 3. Long hours on the job 4. Work taken home 5. Long vacations 6. Boredom 7. Autonomy 8. Physical comfort 9. Enjoyable work 10. Socially useful work 11. Job status 12. Confinement to workplace 13. Cost of credentials needed 14. Need to travel 15. Job security 16. Intellectual stimulation 17. Sense of accomplishment 18. Exposure to danger 19. Accommodates family life 20. Relaxed atmosphere 21. Copious resources 22. Opportunity for self-expression 23. Perks or extras 24. Skills development possible 25. Public acclaim 26. Physical work 27. Contact with children 28. Time of day worked 29. "Cleaning up others' messes" 30. Being "on call" SUMS (OF FACTOR PRODUCTS)

Expanded Directions

Method One: All Factors with Weights and Probabilities:

On the chart above you are asked to indicate whether you are contemplating entering or leaving teaching, and the occupation you would be leaving to go into. You are given a list of factors. You will asked to designate each factor as either positive (+) or negative (-). You are asked to indicate how important each factor is to you, using the following scale:

0 = not at all important; 1= not very important; 2= somewhat important; 3= very important.

You are also asked to indicate how prevalent (probable) you perceive that factor to be, using

0 = not at all prevalent; 1= not very prevalent; 2= somewhat prevalent; 3= very prevalent.

After you have given a positive or negative value to each factor, and filled in the value of its importance and the value of its prevalence, you will compute a final value for that factor by multiplying its importance by its prevalence and giving it the appropriate sign, + or -/ Sum up the factors for each of the two occupations. The most positive score is your computed preference. (see questions and assumptions below)

Method 2: Evaluate all Factors: Ignore Probabilities, Use only 0 or 1 as weights. Highest sum indicates preference.

Method 3: Evaluate only a few of the factors most important to you. Ignore probabilities. Use 0 or 1 as weights. Choose highest sum.

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Questions after having done chart:

Is the computed preferred occupation different from what you intuitively feel is right? If so, check the factors for items that you feel may have contributed to a bad result.

Are there factors that would influence your decision that have been left off the chart?

Would you have gotten a different result had you filled in these charts five years ago? Why?

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Assumptions made in the process of analysis and computation. (These may be false.)

Judgments of importance, both in sign and size, are constant even though context changes.

Importance from item to item does not change drastically, e.g. some might be very much bigger another.

Factors don't interact with one another, nor does their order of consideration matter.

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*Reference Gigerenzer, et al. Simple Heuristics that Make Us Smart. Oxford. 1999. page 143. Decision Strategies.
See "Types of Heuristics" for a quick overview chart of Gigerenzer's and Selten's heuristics types and comparison with standard computational methods. Available at TYPESofHEURISTICS.html