MULTIPLE OUTPUT PATTERNS

Combining Sentences with Relative Pronouns: subject, object #1a

©2012 Edward G. Rozycki, Ed.D.

RETURN
edited 4/22/14

DIRECTIONS: There is an initial input. Its output becomes the input for the next output. On so on.

Initial Input: John, see, man, is reading, a book. (-->)

Output a. John sees a man. The man is reading a book. (-->)

Output b. John sees the man; he is reading a book. (-->)

Output c. John sees the man who is reading a book. (-->)

Output d. The man is reading a book; John sees him. (-->)

Output e. The man whom John sees is reading a book.

TRY THE PROBLEMS FIRST! READ THEORY LATER!*

1. Mary, has seen, boy, was playing, ball -->

a. ________________________________________________________________

b._________________________________________________________________

c._________________________________________________________________

d._________________________________________________________________

e._________________________________________________________________

2. John, will visit, woman, helped, him -->

a._________________________________________________________________

b._________________________________________________________________

c._________________________________________________________________

d._________________________________________________________________

e._________________________________________________________________

3. Sam, can see, girl, is singing -->

a._________________________________________________________________

b._________________________________________________________________

c._________________________________________________________________

d._________________________________________________________________

e._________________________________________________________________

PARTIAL ANSWERS

Initial Input: John, see, man, is reading, a book. (-->)

Output a. John sees a man. The man is reading a book. (-->)
Output b. John sees the man; he is reading a book. (-->)
Output c. John sees the man who is reading a book. (-->)
Output d. The man is reading a book; John sees him. (-->)
Output e. The man whom John sees is reading a book.

1. Mary, has seen, boy, was playing, ball.....

a. Mary has seen a boy. The boy was playing ball.

b. Mary has seen the boy; he was playing ball.

c. Mary has seen the boy who was playing ball.

d. The boy was playing ball; Mary has seen him.

e. The boy whom Mary has seen was playing ball.

2. John, will visit, woman, helped, him -->

a._________________________________________________________________

b. John will visit the woman; she helped him.

c._________________________________________________________________

d. The woman helped John; he will visit her.

e. The woman whom John will visit helped him.

3. Sam, can see, girl, is singing -->

a. Sam can see a girl. The girl is singing.

b._________________________________________________________________

c. Sam can see the girl who is singing.

d. The girl is singing; Sam can see her.

e._________________________________________________________________

*CAN'T HANDLE THE ERRORS? LOOK UP: definite, indefinite articles; punctuation; restrictive, non-restrictive clauses.

NOTES: The transforms can be done rather mechanically. You often don't need to know the meanings of the words. An interesting thing to investigate, however, is whether the meaning of the intial sentence is preserved through the transformations. Sometimes it is; other times, not. Why? Discover for yourself.

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